Tips to Develop Self-Advocacy Skills

Transitioning into adulthood brings increased responsibilities, and the opportunity to experience unfamiliar situations. Sometimes, these situations cause challenges, and require us, as people who are visually impaired, to advocate for our needs. Advocacy can feel intimidating, but it is necessary to increase the public’s view of the abilities of people who are blind.

Learning How to Advocate for Oneself

My first experience of advocating for myself was in the seventh grade. My Orientation and Mobility instructor asked me to visit a grocery store and request assistance from a clerk to find items. I called the store, provided the approximate time on which I would arrive, and explained that I was totally blind. The person on the phone told me that I was welcome to shop at their store and that I should look for any staff wearing green jackets for assistance. For someone who is blind, finding a person in a green jacket is impossible. I sent a letter to the store manager asking that their staff receive training on helping a visually impaired person locate an employee. A few weeks later, I called the store and was told to report to the courtesy booth for assistance. Upon getting to the courtesy booth, an employee immediately approached me to help with my shopping.

Advocating for Braille Menus

More recently, I have been advocating for braille menus in restaurants. Being able to read a menu independently allows me to choose the item which sounds appealing, and lets everyone continue conversing while making a selection. A few months ago, I learned that “Not Your Average Joe’s” and the “Chateau Restaurant” no longer had braille menus. I was disappointed, and sent a letter to their corporate office to inquire why menus were no longer available. Restaurant executives promptly replied that braille menus are important, but were unfamiliar with which companies could produce a menu in an alternative format. I was encouraged by their open-minded approach, and provided a few resources to help locate a transcription agency. As of now, “Not Your Average Joe’s” has braille menus, and I’m hopeful “Chateau Restaurant” will have accessible menus soon.

Strategies for Developing Advocacy Skills

When advocating for anything that you feel is important, please keep in mind these strategies:

  • Enter the situation with a positive attitude and a willingness to answer questions;
  • Express your desires in a pleasant tone rather than a hostile tone;
  • Explain your wishes clearly and concisely;
  • Don’t give up. Advocacy is daunting, but can have dynamic results.

As we go through the holiday season, it is crucial that we are thankful for the advancements which have made the lives of people with visual impairments better. Many of these changes resulted from advocacy by people who paved the way for us. I hope we can continue to use advocacy strategies to improve our lives and the lives of the next generation of people who are blind.

Collage for self-advocacy skills


Total Life Learning by Wendy Bridgeo,‎ Beth Caruso,‎ & Mary Zatta

Cover of Total Life Learning

The Total Life Learning curriculum was developed for students ages 3 to 22 who are blind, visually impaired including those students who have additional disabilities or are deafblind. The focus is on the development of life and career goals that enable student to maximize independence, self-determination, employability, and participation in the community.