Summer evenings are here, bringing warm temperatures and all kinds of birds and calming bird songs. Can you identify the type of bird that sings these songs? This simple Bird Song book is wonderful for young students, students with CVI, and students with multiple disabilities. Each page has a brightly colored simple bird, a repetitive sentence that names the type of bird, a read aloud button and a bird song button - all on a black background.
These ePub books can be opened on any device and with a variety of applications, including iBooks on an iPad. Young students and students with multiple disabilities can easily (and often independently) tap the buttons to activate the sounds.
Bird Songs ePub, created by TVI Andrea Bilello
Bird Concepts for Young Students
There are many bird-related concepts that require students to understand that there are different types of birds, and each bird type has unique characteristics.
When introducing birds to young BLV students, have hands-on opportunities to explore a bird nest, a real feather, etc. Talk about the bird's unique features, such as the bird's feet and beak. Discuss how parrots have feet with two "talons" that face forward and two talons that face backwards, which allows the bird to grip and climb twigs and small branches. (This is called a "zygodactyle" or "yoke-toed" foot.)
Discuss how bird beaks are different according to the type of bird and what they eat. Explain that birds do not have teeth; although some birds have beaks with ridges. Birds swallow their food whole and their gizzard (a muscular part of their stomach) grinds up the food so they can digest it.
If possible, ask a parent, teacher or friend to bring in a real pet bird such as a friendly cockatoo or parrot. If the bird is friendly and the student is willing, have the student pet the bird, and/or let the bird perch on his/her arm.
O&M Lesson: While learning about birds, collaborate with the student's O&M or with the student's family to take the student to a pet store that has birds. Make arrangements with the store to have someone available to talk about the various birds that they have, the bird's habitat, food, etc. Many stores will assist a BLV student to touch friendly birds and possible let the bird perch on the student.
In the pictures below, a visually impaired 4 year old, Victor, is doing a series of O&M lessons at Petsmart. Sitting in the car before entering the store, the smiling boy examines a Beanie Baby stuffed bird. He finds and names the various parts of the bird. During these O&M lessons, Victor uses his adaptive mobility device to travel independently as he learns the layout of the store and the different departments within the store. The second picture is Victor on a different day; after learning the store layout, Victor has the opportunity to explore different departments within the store. In this picture, Victor is standing in front of a floor-to-ceiling bird cage with his hand cautiously touching a cockato bird. The bird is being held by the store staff person, as she explains more about the bird.
Additional Bird Types
If your student is ready to dive deeper into birds, talk about different types of bird feet - such as birds who have webbed feet (ducks, geese, swans, gulls, and other aquatic birds). Webbed feet propel these birds through water. Predator birds (eagles, hawks and owls) have talons or claws which they use to catch and dismember prey.
Learn more about the various types of bird beaks:
- Deeply hooked beaks: Meat-eaters (eagles, hawks, owls)
- Cone shaped beaks: Short, robust beak that ends in a conical shape used to open small seeds (goldfinch, sparrows, canaries)
- Short curved beaks: Used to break open hard fruits and nuts (parrots, macaws)
- Straight, thin beaks: For birds who eat bees, insects, and bugs (robin, woodpeckers)
- Long, needle-like: Nectar feeders (hummingbirds)
- Wide and flat: Used to filter dirt from ponds and riverbeds (flamingoes, swans, ducks)
- Spatulate (large long beaks): wading birds that pick up small animals from the bottom of marshes (Spoonbills)
- Strong, large beak: Fish eating birds that catch fish in their beak and the curve keeps the fish from escaping (pelicans, seagulls, heron, crane)
Note: Create tactile images of various types of birds, beaks, or bird's feet for comparison purposes.
Writing prompt: What would happen if birds had flat feet? What would happen if birds had lips instead of beaks?
Research: Research a bird and learn more about why that bird's body, beak, feet, wings, etc. help the bird survive.