Visual Impairment and Blindness Resources

These resources cover the basics of visual impairment and blindness, covering the causes, as well as definitions of professional and medical terminology, descriptions of vision examination procedures, simulations, statistics, and recommendations for protecting the eyes and vision. This section also includes information on support groups for parents, families, and consumers, along with advice for environmental adaptations and tips for living with blindness and visual impairment.

For educational resources, please visit the sections grouped under Teaching Resources.

"NOAH’s mission is to act as a conduit for accurate and authoritative information about all aspects of living with albinism and to provide a place where people with albinism and their families, in the United States and Canada, can find acceptance, support and fellowship."

Source: National Organization for Albinism and Hypopigmentation (NOAH)

General guidelines for developing programs for students with visual impairment and additional disabilities, including deafblindness. Includes background information, the range of service delivery options, Indian disability legislation, resources for teacher training, and sample forms.

Source: Voice and Vision (India)

This document includes the following links: Science Teaching Standards, Standards for Professional Development for Teachers of Science, Assessment in Science Education, and Science Content Standards.

NSTA "is the largest organization in the world committed to promoting excellence and innovation in science teaching and learning for all." The site contains resources for parents and information on teaching students with disabilities.

This fact sheet offers an introduction to neurological and cortical visual impairment, including a list of suggested instructional strategies.

Source: California Deaf-Blind Services

Basic non-optical improvements that can help to make effective use of vision. Includes ideas to ease of reading and writing for a person with low vision.

Source: Low Vision Online

Although many age-related vision changes are normal, they can cause problems by interfering with a wide range of everyday activities. This reference sheet from VisionAware explains common vision changes and provides some coping strategies.

Source: VisionAware

Diagnostic activities for determining whether a student needs a formal evaluation by a certified O&M Instructor.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Deborah Gleason, Regional Coordinator of the Hilton/Perkins Program, provides guidelines to determine how a child learns most effectively, how adults can support this learning, and what environmental conditions are best.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

The Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services (OSERS) website explains its mission and responsibilities, with subpages specific to teachers, families, and "No Child Left behind," the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (NCLB).

Source: U.S. Department of Education

Helpful tips and encouraging advice about Making Adjustments, Accessibility & Technology, Health & Well-being, and Voices of Experience. 

Information on Optic Nerve Atrophy disorder, symptoms, behaviors, research and links to related sites.

Source: U.S.National Library of Health- Pubmed Health

This site provides information about the vision care field, with resources on training, career and salaries as an optician.


Many tips for labeling clothing and other personal items.

Source: VisionAware

The blogs on this site explore topics of interest to O&M specialists, with special emphasis on Texas-based stories. Subscribe for free.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Downloadable worksheets and assessment tools for determining a student's O&M needs and goals.

Source: Michigan Department Of Education/Low Incidence Outreach

An outline for teaching Nemeth code. She includes strategies for teaching young adults who are newly blind and adults who are new to Nemeth. Links to learning resources are provided. 

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Advice for older adults with vision and hearing loss who want to be fully engaged participants in the world.

Source: VisionAware

Descriptions of both optical and non-optical devices, such as flexible-arm task lamps, full spectrum light bulbs, closed circuit televisions (CCTVs), and much more.

Source: VisionAware