Visual Impairment and Blindness Resources

These resources cover the basics of visual impairment and blindness, covering the causes, as well as definitions of professional and medical terminology, descriptions of vision examination procedures, simulations, statistics, and recommendations for protecting the eyes and vision. This section also includes information on support groups for parents, families, and consumers, along with advice for environmental adaptations and tips for living with blindness and visual impairment.

For educational resources, please visit the sections grouped under Teaching Resources.

An interactive animated dictionary illustrating the workings of the human eye.

Source: LensShopper

Describes the anatomy, physiology and pathology of the human eye; includes graphics, photos, and information about medications.

Source: Ted M. Montgomery, O.D.

A listing of accessibility features on Android-compatible smartphones, with Settings information for customizing a device.

Information about aniridia and living with the condition.

Your vision may have changed, but it's unlikely your imagination has! Simple everyday arts and crafts can be inspired by any product, any experience, at any time. Here are some ideas to try if you are blind or have low vision.

Source: Vision Aware

Assessing vision as part of an early intervention program for infants and children who have additional or multiple disabilities and visual impairment (MDVI).

Source: Scottish Sensory Centre

A 73-page handbook on the assessment of functional vision; includes advice on low vision training. Link also includes access to book 1, covering screening for impaired vision. 

Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

Guidelines for offering practical assistance to people who are blind or visually impaired, including etiquette tips and sighted guide techniques. Available as a PDF.

Source: Community Eye Health Journal

The Perkins Assistive Device Center is a workshop that creates customized materials for children with disabilities. Custom-made items meet the unique needs of individuals while being affordable, durable and attractive.

Source: Perkins School for the Blind

Three behavioral characteristics are commonly found among individuals with Congenital Rubella Syndrome. Author John Walters stresses the necessity of understanding the whole person and the function of behaviors before considering intervention.

Source: National Center on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)

This site features two newspaper articles about "small but significant breakthroughs" in science education for students who are blind: Camp Eureka, a natural history camp in Montana; and a dissection class at Colorado Center for the Blind.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

This link takes you directly to Chapter 30 of David Werner’s book, Disabled Village Children. with information about development, mobility, education, work, and social life, as well as vision, eye health, and prevention of blindness; also available in Spanish.

Source: Hesperian Foundation

Resources on various topics and services for individuals with vision impairment, legal blindness or deaf/blindness and intellectual disability.

Source: Commonwealth of Massachusetts

Links to data, maps, publications, and information about causes and socioeconomic aspects of blindness and visual impairment.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

"...[D]escribes the variety of state infrastructures and programs ... that serve children and youth who are blind or visually impaired. Information was collected through a brief survey distributed to all state education agencies...."  Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Source: National Association of State Director of Special Education, Inc. (NASDSE)

Links to a variety of educational resources, including the following topics: Blindness; Braille Literacy; Deaf-Blindness; Disabilities; Eye Conditions; Organizations - United States; Organizations - International; Resources Supporting AT Technology; Vendors.

Source: New York Institute for Special Education

Statistics are drawn from AFB and U.S. government sources, and organized by age, ethnicity, geography, and more

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Statistics are drawn from AFB and U.S. government sources, and organized by age, ethnicity, geography, and more.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Download this outline of the WBU’s comprehensive plan for the socio-economic integration of people with blindness, including a strategy for poverty reduction. From the General documents page, click the title Blindness, Poverty, and Development from the Development committee.

Source: World Blind Union (WBU)

The braille section of the Paths to Literacy site offers an overview, instructional strategies, pre-braille, tactile graphics, technology for braille readers, sources of print/braille books, tools for writing braille, braille production, and brailler repair. Users may post content, and there is also a forum for questions and answers related to braille literacy.

Source: Paths to Literacy

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