Visual Impairment and Blindness Resources

These resources cover the basics of visual impairment and blindness, covering the causes, as well as definitions of professional and medical terminology, descriptions of vision examination procedures, simulations, statistics, and recommendations for protecting the eyes and vision. This section also includes information on support groups for parents, families, and consumers, along with advice for environmental adaptations and tips for living with blindness and visual impairment.

For educational resources, please visit the sections grouped under Teaching Resources.

Functional Vision Screening Tool and Functional Hearing Screening Tool in English and Spanish

Source: Illinois School for the Deaf

The 21st CCVAA is a long and complex document. You may find answers to most of your questions in this summary.

Source: Federal Communications Commission

A look at educational settings, curriculum, and some of the challenges in educating children with visual impairments

Source: National Federation of the Blind

Many people with visual impairments also have undiagnosed autism characteristics. Nancy Duncan discusses the importance of identifying and delivering appropriate rehabilitation services for individuals.

Source: VisionAware

Key elements of high quality services for multiply handicapped children, and shares examples from a range of service delivery models.

Source: International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)

Checklists of signs and symptoms of vision impairments in children.

Source: Optometrists Network

Treasure Baskets are collections of real objects that encourage a child to explore different sensory characteristics. This article offers suggestions of items to include in the baskets and discusses some of the educational benefits for young children.

Source: Nursery World

Contributing author and copy editor Danika Taylor addresses the history of the rehabilitation movement in this article from 2005's Braille Monitor.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Some of the visual skills that need to be evaluated as part of a child's comprehensive vision examination.

Source: Optometrists Network

Up-to-date, reliable information on the most common eye diseases and disorders; research on new treatments and diagnostic tools.

Source: Schepens Eye Research Institute

Bookmark this page for job listings, many of which ask for experience within the blindness community, or services to people with disabilities.

Source: American Council of the Blind (ACB)

In this webcast, Perkins science teacher Kate Fraser outlines teaching strategies and adaptations to make science lessons and activities accessible to students who are visually impaired. Find even more resources more at the Perkins Accessible Science website.

Source: Webcast, Perkins School for the Blind

"The AccessSTEM website is a space where K-12 teachers, postsecondary educators, and employers learn to make classroom and employment opportunities in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) accessible to individuals with disabilities, and share promising practices."

This is an excerpt from Dr. Lilli Nielsen's book, Early Learning Step by Step. It outlines her Active Learning Approach and explains the importance of the learning environment for childen with visual impairments and multiple disabilities.

Source: Future Reflections, 2004, National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Adapting Science for Students with Visual Impairments is a handbook from American Printing House for the Blind (APH) for classroom teachers and teachers of students who are blind or visually impaired (TVIs). It provides suggestions for making science accessible to students with vision loss. It includes:

  • Advance Preparation Checklist alerting the teacher to orientation and safety issues
  • Skills Checklist readying the student for laboratory and classroom activities

The Adapting Science checklists are also available as a free download at: http://www.aph.org/manuals/index.html

Practical advice for organizing the kitchen, using appliances, pouring liquids, cooking, and setting the table; includes links to demonstration videos and online classes.

Source: Lighthouse International

Aimed at professionals: understanding and assisting with the losses and adjustment stages that an adult encounters when experiencing vision loss.

Source: Alliance for Equality of Blind Canadians

A non-governmental umbrella organization of agencies and associations that serve people in Africa who are blind or visually impaired.

Source: African Union of the Blind

This 190-page report describes "the experiences of youth with disabilities … in their first 2 years out of high school." Their findings indicated that "up to 2 years after leaving high school, almost 8 in 10 out-of-school youth with disabilities have been engaged in postsecondary education, paid employment, or training to prepare them for employment." Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Source: National Longitudinal Transition Study

OSHA standards and procedures for protecting the eyes in the workplace.

Source: ISHN (Industrial Safety & Hygiene News)

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