Recreation and Leisure Resources

This section includes a wide range of information on recreational opportunities for individuals who are blind or visually impaired, from ideas for toys and play for young children to hobbies for older adults with visual impairments.

Recreation and Leisure are part of the Expanded Core Curriculum (ECC) for students who are blind or visually impaired. These skills promote the enjoyment of leisure activities, including learning new activities and making choices about how to spend leisure time

JoAnn Gardner describes the benefits of gardening: connecting with nature, relaxation, and the satisfaction of growing food and herbs.


Tips for needle and textile work for people with low vision or vision loss

Source: VisionAware

Information for needleworkers in the UK who are blind.  This site includes patterns, project ideas, recommended references, and community.

John Ross shares his thoughts on physical education programs for students who are blind; Dr. Jim Mastro offers a list of hints for physical education and recreation teachers. From Future Reflections,14(1), (1995)

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

This special issue of Future Reflections features articles on a wide range of topics related to sports and fitness, including physical education, camps, competition, lifestyle, and adventure.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

The Special Olympics site includes coaching guidelines for athletes with visual impairments, modifications and adaptations.

General tips for participating in sports as a blind or visually impaired athlete. 

Source: Vision Aware

Sport camps for children and adults take place throughout the year in many states and internationally. If there is no camp in your state, consider starting one. Camp Abilities® Start-Up Manual is a free download that provides step-by-step instructions to start a camp.


Source: American Printing House for the Blind

VisionAWARE lists associations serving the recreation needs of people with blindness or low vision; some sites include information on adapted equipment and safety tips.

Source: VisionAware

Modifications include equipment, general suggestions for team sports, and strategies for a long list of specific sports.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Summer Camp for Independent Living Skills (SCILS)
St. Joseph Family Retreat Center
Spokane Washington
Phone: 1-800-552-7103
Weekend program for children aged 9-13 who are blind or visually impaired, to address skill areas contained within the Expanded Core Curriculum (ECC).
Source: Department of services for the Blind

Donovan Tildesley discusses some of the challenges that swimmers who are blind must face, including pool space, coaching methods, and availability of tappers.

Source: Future Reflections, 24(2), 2005 National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Australia's national program for the blindness community is available to the world! Listen live or subscribe through this programming page.

Source: Vision Australia Radio
The Maryland School for the Blind Camp Abilities 
Baltimore, Maryland
Headed by Matt Mescall
Source: Camp Abilities

Sarah K. Bradley "reviews the history of the United States Association of Blind Athletes (USABA), discusses benefits of athletic participation, and provides USABA contact information"; available in English and Spanish. Explains the requirements of the braille instruction provision in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Wanda L. Ritter discusses some of the benefits of horseback riding for children who are blind or visually impaired.  She includes questions to ask when choosing a riding program.

Source: Future Reflections, 19(1), 2000 National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Kent Moreno lists a protocol for toilet training individuals who have a developmental disability, including data collection, the development of a schedule, cueing, and making the experience in the bathroom a positive one.

Source: Down Syndrome: Health Issues

This article provides practical advice for maximizing a child's participation, privacy, and comfort when using the bathroom.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Travel Guides provides accurate and detailed travel information for persons with disabilities. We are opening doors to persons with hearing, visual, mobility, and cognitive disabilities so they can enjoy all that the world has to offer.

Guidelines, rights, and requirements for travelers with disabilities and medical conditions, with links to specific areas of concern such as "Have Diabetes," "Use Service Dogs," "Have Children with Disabilities," and others.

Source: Transportation Security Administration