Recreation and Leisure Resources

This section includes a wide range of information on recreational opportunities for individuals who are blind or visually impaired, from ideas for toys and play for young children to hobbies for older adults with visual impairments.

Recreation and Leisure are part of the Expanded Core Curriculum (ECC) for students who are blind or visually impaired. These skills promote the enjoyment of leisure activities, including learning new activities and making choices about how to spend leisure time

The 21st CCVAA is a long and complex document. You may find answers to most of your questions in this summary.

Source: Federal Communications Commission

Swimmer Megan Smith describes how she uses her hearing to determine when to turn around at the end of a lap; her coaches share what they have learned from working with her. Competitive opportunities for blind swimmers are discussed.

Source: NFB/Future Reflections 26(2) 2007

This is a catalog of audio-described videos available for purchase.

Source: Media Access Group at WGBH

A selected list of museums with exhibit consideration for people who are blind or visually impaired, such as touch-tours and multi-sensory exhibits

Source: New York Public Library

This site provides information about how to become an adapted physical education instructor, how IEPs are tied to Physical Education, the role of the adapted phys. ed. teacher, national standards and certification, and adapted physical education for students who are blind or visually impaired.


These guides for adaptive physical education cover archery, bowling, golf, strength training, badminton, horseshoes, racquetball, table tennis, tennis, basketball, football, soccer, softball, and volleyball. The page also links to other research publications. 

Source: Manchester University Adapted Physical Education program

This 7-minute video was created by Elina Mullen, Ed.D. and demonstrates different types of equipment for various sports, such as hockey, racquet games, and more.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired

The AFB Senior Site has information on numerous topics, such as Understanding Vision Loss, Changing Your Home, and Daily Living.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

An overview of the service and how to get access to it. This page also offers many links to further information.

Source: The Audio Description Project

AAHPERD is "the largest organization of professionals supporting and assisting those involved in physical education, leisure, fitness, dance, health promotion, and education and all specialties related to achieving a healthy lifestyle."

AAHPERD is the largest organization of professionals supporting and assisting those involved in physical education, leisure, fitness, dance, health promotion, and education and all specialties related to achieving a healthy lifestyle.


ABSF is committed to serving blind and visually impaired children and adults, giving them the opportunities and experiences that build confidence and independence that can last a lifetime.

Source: American Blind Skiing Foundation

The American Camp Association is a community of camp professionals who ensure the quality of camp programs. As a leading authority in child development, the ACA works to preserve, promote, and improve the camp experience.

Source: American Camp Association

AHA promotes therapeutic riding as a "treatment strategy … for people living with disabilities. Hippotherapy has been shown to improve muscle tone, balance, posture, coordination, motor development as well as emotional well-being."

Source: American Hippotherapy Association (AHA)

This list compiled by the American Printing House includes recorded presentations and interviews going back to August 2005. Links here launch a player to listen online

Source: American Printing House for the Blind

Apple picking is a seasonal sensory experience that can be fun for kids of all abilities!

Source: Sensory Sun

Your vision may have changed, but it's unlikely your imagination has! Simple everyday arts and crafts can be inspired by any product, any experience, at any time. Here are some ideas to try if you are blind or have low vision.

Source: Vision Aware

This study of athletes with visual impairments provides strong evidence of the value of inclusion in physical education classes and benefits of school sports participation. Note: Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader

Source: Western Michigan University

ADP lists television programs by network, and gives instructions for enabling the service on home TVs.

Source: The Audio Description Project

Information about blindness, education and development, independent movement and travel, sports, games, and leisure activities can be found on this site.