Orientation and Mobility Resources

These sites explain the techniques, general importance, and necessity of Orientation and Mobility (O&M) training for people who are blind or visually impaired. The resources here cover the importance of O&M training, services and resources, specific skills, and how to assist someone who is blind or visually impaired if they need help.

NCDB is a national technical assistance and dissemination center for information about deafblindness. While most resources focus on the needs of children and youth, there is wealth of information here in the Adult Services section.

Dr. Penny Rosenblum, of the University of Arizona, discusses the development of navigational and social skills for youth who are visually impaired and unable to drive. Dr. Rosenblum also shares personal experiences with the impact of a visual impairment on the lives of young people.

Source: Perkins eLearning, Perkins School for the Blind

Diagnostic activities for determining whether a student needs a formal evaluation by a certified O&M Instructor.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

James Scott Crawford provides detailed suggestions for teaching O&M techniques to individuals who use wheelchairs. It includes sections on sighted guides, trailing, cane techniques, monitoring safety, street crossings, and a skills checklist.

Source: Affiliated Blind of Louisiana

Joe Cutter, Early Childhood O&M specialist with the NJ Commission for the Blind, shares his thoughts on teaching Orientation and Mobility to young children. He addresses the topics of independence, visual development, and other issues in early childhood.

Source: Blind Children's Resource Center

This article by Jill Brody discusses the role of occupational therapists, definitions, and intervention strategies for working with young children with visual impairments and additional disabilities.

Source: Project SALUTE

Babies who are born blind or visually impaired need body awareness and orientation skills from the very beginning. WonderBaby gets you started with Games You Can Play Now.

Source: WonderBaby.org

A checklist of skills and knowledge necessary for teens who have recently experienced a vision loss. Also available in Spanish.

Source: FamilyConnect

This site provides an overview on Orientation and Mobility Specialists including academic requirements and a resources section. It makes online Orientation & Mobility information easy to find for instructors and other professionals.

Source: ExploreHEALTHCareers.org

Dona Sauerburger is an Orientation and Mobility Specialist whose website contains this resource list of handouts and fact sheets.

Source: Dona Sauerburger

Tanni L. Anthony explains the instructional philosophy of teaching methodologies specific to the youngest clients. This document is a Resource for the Expanded Core Curriculum.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Instructor Dona Sauerburger has gathered articles on a wide range of O&M topics, including quiet cars, learning to use a cane, and teaching the use of visual and non-visual techniques.

Source: Dona Sauerburger

What to expect from your young child's orientation and mobility (O&M) assessment. Also available in Spanish.

Source: FamilyConnect

This detailed fact sheet (PDF format) from the New York State Technical Assistance Project includes strategies for children who are deafblind.

Source: New York State Technical Assistance Project

This "tip sheet" provides an introduction to Orientation and Mobility in the inclusive school setting.

Source: Northeast Regional Center for Vision Education (NERCVE)

These presentations offers basic principles and strategies for providing O&M services to visually impaired people whose additional disabilities include cognitive, hearing, physical or health challenges.

Source: Dona Sauerburger

The blogs on this site explore topics of interest to O&M specialists, with special emphasis on Texas-based stories. Subscribe for free.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Downloadable worksheets and assessment tools for determining a student's O&M needs and goals.

Source: Michigan Department Of Education/Low Incidence Outreach

This overview of O&M services includes information about sighted-guide techniques, white canes, and a list of Do's and Don'ts.

Source: Board of Education and Services for the Blind (BESB)

O&MSRS is a tool for assessing a students needs and abilities, and designing an appropriate O&M program. The O&MSRS+ is for students with additional disabilities.

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