Orientation and Mobility Resources

These sites explain the techniques, general importance, and necessity of Orientation and Mobility (O&M) training for people who are blind or visually impaired. The resources here cover the importance of O&M training, services and resources, specific skills, and how to assist someone who is blind or visually impaired if they need help.

This 7-minute video was created by Elina Mullen, Ed.D. and demonstrates different types of equipment for various sports, such as hockey, racquet games, and more.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired

What is Orientation and Mobility (O&M)? VisionAware provides this overview of the concepts and the professionals who provide this training.

Source: VisionAware

In your education of (and advocacy for) others, you may find these talking points helpful for getting the message across that orientation and mobility are important lifelong learning processes. This link presents both English and Spanish text.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and VIsually Impaired

This site includes extensive information about sensory integration dysfunction, with sections focusing on education, classroom accommodations, and additional resources.

Source: Bridges4Kids

This PowerPoint presentation focuses on the learning styles of children with visual impairments with and without additional disabilities and on early orientation and mobility development.

Source: Provincial Resource Centre for the Visually Impaired (British Columbia)

This site is a resource for O&M Specialist's to use for creative lesson plans to teach their students.

This booklet is written by a cane traveler and covers aspects of cane travel, such as Getting the Cane Ready, Actually Walking Around, Public Transportation, and Times and Places without the Usual Landmarks.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

This section of AER's website has information about the skills and responsibilities of O&M Specialists, a list of training programs, a job exchange, and information about current issues in the field, such as environmental access.

Source: Association for the Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER)

This section of AER's website has information about the skills and responsibilities of O&M Specialists, a list of training programs, a job exchange, and information about current issues in the field, such as environmental access.

Source: Association for the Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER)

Tips for familiarizing a child with his or her environment from a wheelchair or stroller.

Source: FamilyConnect

The CEC's Division on Visual Impairment and Deafblindness advances the education of children and youth who have visual impairments or deafblindness. Browse selected articles and position papers here.

Source: Council for Exceptional Children

If you are exploring the idea of guide dog for yourself or a loved one, begin with this overview by VisionAware on what guide dogs can and can not do for their users.

Source: VisionAware

In addition to spotlighting her certifications and experiences, Sauerburger's website contains numerous resources and strategies of interest to Orientation and Mobility practitioners.

Source: Dona Sauerburger

Dan Kish is the first certified blind Orientation & Mobility Specialist in the world. Read his theories on echolocation along with collection of media and autobiographical pieces about or featuring Daniel and his work with clients and partners

Source: World Access for the Blind

Dan Kish is the first certified blind Orientation & Mobility Specialist in the world. Read his theories on echolocation along with a collection of media and autobiographical pieces about or featuring Daniel and his work with clients and partners

Source: World Access for the Blind

Eye care specialists and their areas of expertise; includes links to parents' group and other important sources.

Source: FamilyConnect

This article from CEC's DVI Quarterly offers ideas on how to build play/exploration environments, how to highlight landmarks, and how to design mini-travel routes in a child's day.

Source: DVI Quarterly, 2005

O&M Specialist Dona Sauerburger outlines strategies when encountering an unfamiliar intersection, requesting assistance, and teaching tips for instructors.

Source: Dona Sauerburger: Orientation and Mobility Specialist

The basics of orientation and mobility; includes a video.

Source: VisionAware

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