Literacy and Braille Resources

Literacy at its simplest means the ability to read and write. However, it starts with comprehension and encompasses many media and formats, including listening, speaking, and object communication. Most children aim for basic or academic literacy, which is the ability to use reading as a tool to gain more knowledge. Others will strive to attain functional literacy, which supports the activities of daily life. This section offers an introduction to the forms of literacy for children who are blind and visually impaired, ranging from tactile symbols and calendar boxes to print and braille.

Touch the Invisible Sky is a NASA-funded book that uses "braille, large type print, and tactile diagrams of celestial images observed by space telescopes … to reveal the cosmos to the blind and seeing-impaired"; includes an audio description.

Source: National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)

This online course is designed for learners who are already proficient in EBAE (English Braille American Edition).

Source: Hadley School for the Blind

UEB Online is a training program for people who are sighted to learn Unified English Braille (UEB)

Source: Royal Institute for Deaf and Blind Children (RIDBC)

This "cheat sheet" is designed to be a quick reference tool that is a handy summary of some of the key differences in UEB (Unified English Braille).  

Source: Paths to Literacy

The rule book for transcribers is available free online.

Source: International Council on English Braille (ICEB)

This free 4-week online training is designed for people who are already proficient in braille who wish to learn UEB.

Source: Northern Illinois University

There are many free resources on this site, such as The ABC's of UEB,  as well as current news about the plans to implement UEB.

Source: Braille Authority of North America (BANA)

This document is based on the braille code used in the UK to transcribe Spanish braille.

Source: Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB)

Overview of UEB, including rule and guidelines, tools for remembering changes in the code, online training courses, lessons for teaching braille students UEB, videos and more!

Source: Paths to Literacy

This section of the Paths to Literacy site includes an overview of literacy for students who are blind or visually impaired with additional disabilities, including deafblindness. Includes information about instructional strategies, tips for creating books, and more.

Source: Paths to Literacy

AFB's short introduction describes what braille looks like, how it was invented, and how it is written.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

This tutorial suggests fun and motivating story telling and writing exercises for students who are blind or visually impaired.

Source: Perkins eLearning