Early Childhood Resources

Because a great deal of an infant's learning is through the visual mode, it's important to understand the effect of visual impairment on child development. Find out what types of intervention are most effective during these crucial formative years. Materials for older students can be found under the appropriate categories.

This site is designed to empower users of Apple products who are blind or visually impaired.  This includes the range of Mac computers, iPads, iPhones, iPods, and related applications.

Susan Boswell and Debbie Gray outline the steps in toilet training, including assessment, physical structure, establishing a routine and communication system, and troubleshooting. A list of children's books about toilet training is included.

Source: Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication-Handicapped Children (TEACCH)

The ARC of Massachusetts has a comprehensive webpage on Advocacy and Self-Advocacy: http://thearcofmass.org/resources/advocacy/.  While a number of the resources are specific to Massachusetts, much of the information is applicable to residents of other states as well.  

The Art Beyond Sight Collaborative includes community-based groups and local affiliates of national agencies, museums and other arts-related organizations, elementary and high schools, colleges and universities, national and international advocacy groups, and blind, visually impaired, and sighted art enthusiasts.

Source: Art Beyond Sight

Making arts and cultural events accessible to all, including advice for creating accessibility policies, outreach, marketing, and physical accommodations. Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.

Source: The Kennedy Center/VSA Arts

Your vision may have changed, but it's unlikely your imagination has! Simple everyday arts and crafts can be inspired by any product, any experience, at any time. Here are some ideas to try if you are blind or have low vision.

Source: Vision Aware

JAN has the answers to your questions about ADA regulations, workplace accommodations, advocacy and accessibility. JAN is a service of the Office of Disability Employment Policy, in the U.S. Department of Labor

Assessing vision as part of an early intervention program for infants and children who have additional or multiple disabilities and visual impairment (MDVI).

Source: Scottish Sensory Centre

Doris Willoughby offers specific ideas for the assessment of children with a visual impairment, including adaptations of existing instruments, as well as observation of the child in activities of daily living.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Download the complete text of this resource by Chapters in Word or PDF. Chapter 12 is specific to Blindness and Low Vision.

Source: WATI (Wisconsin Assistive Technology Initiative)

Find out the purpose of assessments and learn more about some of the different types.

Source: FamilyConnect

Validation studies conducted on assessment instruments specific to children with deafblindness are summarized, with recommendations and planning checklist.

Source: Oregon Health & Science University

The importance of understanding functional vision when selecting techniques for early intervention and classroom strategies.

Source: Lea-Test Ltd.

A 73-page handbook on the assessment of functional vision; includes advice on low vision training. Link also includes access to book 1, covering screening for impaired vision. 

Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

Focuses on communication and the interpreter's role when assessing the vision of a person who is deafblind; includes tests and techniques for conducting the assessment.

Source: Lea-Test Ltd.

In this 60-minute presentation Frances Mary D'Andrea addresses the importance of monitoring students’ progressive skills as they develop as readers and writers.

Source: Perkins eLearning Tutorial and Webinar

This one-hour webinar explores the role of the teacher of students with visual impairments (TVI) in reading and writing instruction, both as a collaborator with the general classroom teacher and as a provider of specific instruction. The importance of monitoring students’ progressive skills are emphasized, with specific approaches and tools for monitoring progress of students using braille. Also available as a self-paced tutorial.

Source: Perkins eLearning

This page presents a brief overview of vision-related and developmental assessments.

Source: FamilyConnect

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