Early Childhood Resources

Because a great deal of an infant's learning is through the visual mode, it's important to understand the effect of visual impairment on child development. Find out what types of intervention are most effective during these crucial formative years. Materials for older students can be found under the appropriate categories.

Adapting Science for Students with Visual Impairments is a handbook from American Printing House for the Blind (APH) for classroom teachers and teachers of students who are blind or visually impaired (TVIs). It provides suggestions for making science accessible to students with vision loss. It includes:

  • Advance Preparation Checklist alerting the teacher to orientation and safety issues
  • Skills Checklist readying the student for laboratory and classroom activities

The Adapting Science checklists are also available as a free download at: http://www.aph.org/manuals/index.html

Practical advice for organizing the kitchen, using appliances, pouring liquids, cooking, and setting the table; includes links to demonstration videos and online classes.

Source: Lighthouse International

Making the home environment safe and well organized; focuses on lighting, glare, contrast, organization, and eliminating hazards; available in English and Spanish.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

These suggestions are aimed at families, but are equally valuable to other caregivers and teachers.  Adaptations include strategies to optimize a child's use of vision, using textures and touch to provide clues, enhancing safety, and maximizing organization.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

ADA creates child-specific adaptations in a model workshop in New York City. They also create guidelines, techniques, and devices that can be replicated in Adaptive Design Centers all over the world. Founder Alex Truesdell is a MacArthur Fellow and tells about her work in this video: https://www.macfound.org/fellows/948/

Source: Adaptive Design Association

This 7-minute video was created by Elina Mullen, Ed.D. and demonstrates different types of equipment for various sports, such as hockey, racquet games, and more.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Matt LaCortiglia, Adaptive Physical Education Teacher at Perkins School for the Blind, presents a FAIER planning model to develop physical activities for individuals with disabilities.

Source: Perkins School for the Blind

Challenges facing people with blindness or visual impairment in Sierra Leone, including barriers to full social inclusion.

Source: AfriCAN

Challenges facing people with blindness or visual impairment in Sierra Leone, including barriers to full social inclusion.

Source: AfriCAN

The English title is “Curricular Adaptations and Creation of Services for Multi-handicapped Blind Persons in Chile”; in Spanish.

Source: International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)

The English title is “Curricular Adaptations and Creation of Services for Multi-handicapped Blind Persons in Chile”; in Spanish.

Source: International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)

Aimed at professionals: understanding and assisting with the losses and adjustment stages that an adult encounters when experiencing vision loss.

Source: Alliance for Equality of Blind Canadians

Age-related eye and vision conditions, driving safely after 60, and dealing with vision loss.

Source: American Optometric Association

Barbara Cheadle's child-rearing advice for parents whose children have visual impairments.

Source: Future Reflections, 2004, National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

This article suggests bringing a buddy to an IEP meeting, and also lists strategies for parents to try if it appears that the meeting will be stressful; also available in Spanish.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

In this webcast, Diana Autin presents family companion guides that include fact sheets, mini-guides and an IEP Meeting Checklist. These materials provide a framework to support the development of meaningful, appropriate programming for students with deafblindness. 

Source: Perkins eLearning

This site's state-by-state menu makes it easy to locate, in one place, agency contact information for Accessible Information Materials and National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard(NIMAS) for your U.S. state or territory.

Source: National Center on Accessible Educational Materials

The American Foundation for the Blind (AFB) offers resources on advocacy for individuals who are blind or visually impaired. Resources are organized into the following categories:

  • Technology
  • Employment and Rehabilitation
  • Education
  • Civil Rights
  • Health
  • Policy Research

The AFB Senior Site has information on numerous topics, such as Understanding Vision Loss, Changing Your Home, and Daily Living.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

A non-governmental umbrella organization of agencies and associations that serve people in Africa who are blind or visually impaired.

Source: African Union of the Blind

Pages