Teaching Resources

This 417-page document downloads as a PDF, and has extensive information about the Expanded Core Curriculum, including chapters on Self-Determination Skills (pp. 117-138) and Social Interaction Skills (pp. 137-152). Learning Expectations and Performance Indicators are provided for each age range.

Source: Iowa Department of Education

Cyral Miller “provides families with some guidelines to help assess if the IEP is meeting the vision-related needs of a child with a visual impairment”; available in Spanish.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

This article provides suggestions to consider when approaching toilet training with a child who has a visual impairment.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Programs may be closer than you think. In addition to state-supported agencies, local training centers and business programs often sponsor rehabilitation programs. Your local Lions organization can also help you research the best program for your needs.

Source: VisionAware

Tips for parents to promote safety in the kitchen with children who have a visual impairment, hearing loss or mobility challenges.

Source: Home Advice Guide

Find out about some common concerns in the language development of young children with visual impairments and learn what you can do to help.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Dr. Lea Hyvärinen, a Finnish ophthalmologist, shares information and resources on of pediatric vision tests and tests for assessment of visual capabilities in occupational health services and in assessment of low vision.  Available in multiple languages.

Includes video demonstrations, infant vision, lectures on assessment of functional vision, information for parents, assement of vision and hearing of individuals who are deafblind, and testing the vision of a child with Down Syndrome.

Future Reflections (2003.

Penny Leigh describes the Multisensory Space Science Kit, developed by South Carolina School of the Deaf and the Blind and NASA. She describes adaptations to teach the proximity between planets, an Alphabet of Space, and a tactile map of the solar system.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Begin your exploration of orientation and mobility topics for clients with deafblindness on the National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness page, where several resources are listed.

Source: National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)

Ideas for making cooking accessible accompanied by a simple recipe and a video of a brother and sister (both visually impaired) making cookies independently.

Source: Wonder Baby

This section of the Paths to Literacy site includes an overview of the Learning Media Assessment (LMA), Learning Media Assessment Educational Module, guidelines for deciding between print and braille, special considerations if the child has a hearing loss, and sample learning media assessments.

Source: Paths to Literacy

A brief overview of LMA is offered to parents, with related links to alternate media and assessments.

Source: Family Connect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Published in India, this downloadable 152-page manual is universally useful for parents and caregivers of children who are visually impaired with additional disabilities. It includes a general introduction, guidelines, checklists of skills, and activities to enhance them; by Blind People's Association in collaboration with the Hilton/Perkins Program.

Source: Blind People's Association

This article discusses the importance of play in the development of social and language skills.  It lists specific suggestions for encouraging social interaction with other toddlers, through parallel play and pretend play.

Source: FamilyConnect

Journalist Aaron Gouveia describes the work of physical oceanographer Amy Bower, who is legally blind.  While on an expedition to the Labrador Sea in 2007, Bower shared "her research and high-seas adventure" with students from the Perkins School for the Blind via the internet and phone.

This Zimbabwean handbook discusses communication, assessment, and goal planning for children with disabilities. Includes information on play, communicating in everyday situations, and working in groups. The complete booklet is available in separate PDF downloads per chapter.  From this link, scroll down to the title for this publication and download PDFs for the Introduction and 12 Sections.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

Examples of accessible biology lessons are provided by experienced teachers of the visually impaired.

Source: Perkins School for the Blind

Sarah Blake presents a collection of articles "about issues concerning literacy for people who are blind. Some provide theoretical discussions; others present the results of research; still others provide information about teaching methods."

Source: Night-Light

This 40-page pdf-format handbook includes sections on understanding and adjusting to vision loss, low vision aids, and caregivers’ checklists for nurses, dining room staff, social workers, and others. (Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader.)

Source: Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB)

The dangers of ignoring vision loss in older adults; specific steps to ensure better care.

Source: Network of Care

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