Teaching Resources

A brief overview of LMA is offered to parents, with related links to alternate media and assessments.

Source: Family Connect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Published in India, this downloadable 152-page manual is universally useful for parents and caregivers of children who are visually impaired with additional disabilities. It includes a general introduction, guidelines, checklists of skills, and activities to enhance them; by Blind People's Association in collaboration with the Hilton/Perkins Program.

Source: Blind People's Association

This article discusses the importance of play in the development of social and language skills.  It lists specific suggestions for encouraging social interaction with other toddlers, through parallel play and pretend play.

Source: FamilyConnect

Journalist Aaron Gouveia describes the work of physical oceanographer Amy Bower, who is legally blind.  While on an expedition to the Labrador Sea in 2007, Bower shared "her research and high-seas adventure" with students from the Perkins School for the Blind via the internet and phone.

This Zimbabwean handbook discusses communication, assessment, and goal planning for children with disabilities. Includes information on play, communicating in everyday situations, and working in groups. The complete booklet is available in separate PDF downloads per chapter.  From this link, scroll down to the title for this publication and download PDFs for the Introduction and 12 Sections.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

Examples of accessible biology lessons are provided by experienced teachers of the visually impaired.

Source: Perkins School for the Blind

Sarah Blake presents a collection of articles "about issues concerning literacy for people who are blind. Some provide theoretical discussions; others present the results of research; still others provide information about teaching methods."

Source: Night-Light

In this five-page article, Cary A. Supalo and Thomas E. Mallouk describe inexpensive laboratory adaptations that increase accessibility to experiments and classroom exercises for students who are blind or visually impaired.

Using these practical suggestions will make historical site visits meaningful to students who are blind and visually impaired. Tactile representations, audio recordings, and the use of large print are discussed.

Source: English Heritage

Science instructor Sara Larkin uses lesson plans in magnetism, electricity, and sound to demonstrate how inquiry-based learning can be modified for students with visual impairments.

Source: Perkins eLearning, Perkins School for the Blind

Outlines some principles that make tasks a bit easier.

Source: Vision Australia

Includes both Math and ELA (English/Language Arts). These frameworks are based on the same Maryland Common Core Curriculum Frameworks that were adopted by the State Board and include the identified braille skills and expectations at each grade level (Pre-kindergarten through grade 12) for students who read braille. The standards provide a clear roadmap of braille instruction for teachers and parents to improve literacy skills for students who read braille.

Source: School Improvement in Maryland

These links for teachers whose math students are blind or visually impaired include tips for classroom accommodations, advice for reading math aloud to students, and information about assistive technology.

Source: Equal Access to Software and Information (EASI)

Although not aimed at parents of children with visual impairments, this site has useful general information, including strategies for teaching big mathematical concepts, activities that reinforce math skills in the daily routine, and links to additional resources.

Source: U.S. Department of Education

International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI), Overbrook School for the Blind, and The Nippon Foundation collaborated on this teaching methods manual that includes use of the traditional abacus and Nemeth braille code.

Source: A Publication of ON-NET/ICEVI

Collection of videos includes abacus, calculators, low tech math tools, and Nemeth

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

New Visions offers information to professionals and parents working with infants and children with feeding, swallowing, oral-motor, and pre-speech problems.

Source: New Visions

In this webcast, Perkins Occupational Therapist Sue Shannon discusses the importance of mealtime skills in teaching social skills and concept development. Video demonstrations include many practical tips and helpful strategies; close-captioned, includes downloadable PowerPoint slides.

Source: Perkins School for the Blind, Perkins eLearning

Following this advice allows the guide dog to do its work safely.

Source: Guide Dogs for the Blind