Science Resources

Science teachers of students who are blind or visually impaired will find advice, encouragement, and teaching techniques in this section.

Three online courses are available to help "teachers make their classrooms universal and accessible to students with and without disabilities." The section on learners who are blind or visually impaired includes advice for making the science classroom and curriculum accessible.

Source: The Center for Assistive Technology and Environmental Access

This article describes a submersible audible light sensor, which is a hand-held device that emits an audio signal that tracks reactions in a solution in real time.

The New York Hall of Science in Queens, New York, is a hands-on science museum that is designed to improve people's understanding of science and technology through exhibits, programs, and various media. Learn more about some of the accessibility features of this museum in this article.

Source: Access World, American Federation of the Blind (AFB)

This site features recordings of space phenomena, exploration missions and SPACEthoughts, addressing questions about the vastness of the universe.


Resources offered by SET-BC, a program of the Canadian Ministry of Education, include Tech Tutorials on Access, Communication, Differentiation, Learning, and Vision.

Source: Special Education Technology British Columbia

A 51 page manual from 2000 full of tips for adapting science experiments for students who are blind or visually impaired. Written by Matthew Dion, Karen Hoffman, and Amy Matter from Worcester Polytechnic Institute. It includes sections on Teaching the Blind and Visually Impaired, General Guidelines for Making Adaptations, Laboratory Adaptations, Specific Experiments, and a Resource List.

Source: Perkins eLearning, Perkins School for the Blind

This 75-page manual has sections on the classroom, testing and evaluation, assistive technology, accessible computing, laboratory techniques, mentoring and advocacy, and principles of universal design to create accessibility for all.

Source: American Chemical Society Committee on Chemists with Disabilities

Sheryl Burgstahler examines some of the specific challenges that students with disabilities face in both gaining and demonstrating knowledge. She lists accommodation suggestions for students with visual impairments.

Source: University of Washington

The VISIONS Lab produces educational materials for visually impaired students and develops new adaptive technologies; this site discusses accommodations for college-level organic chemistry and calculus.

Source: Purdue University's VISIONS Lab, Rochester Institute of Technology

This article describes the Purdue's VISIONS Lab, (Visually Impaired Students Initiative on Science), which is a research laboratory dedicated to providing access to the numerous science courses at the university.

Source: Information Technology and Disabilities Journal, 3 (4) 1996

Kurt Herzer, a premed student at Johns Hopkins University who is legally blind, recommends that professors make classroom and course materials accommodations that suit the specific needs of the individual student.

Maylene Bird and Karen Poston share ideas for creating a braille diagram of the cell cycle. The article includes step-by-step instructions and photographs of student-created diagrams.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Geerat J. Vermeij describes his experiences as a blind scientist and a nationally recognized marine biologist.

Source: National Federation of the Blind

Quick answers to common questions.

Source: American Optometric Association

Luisa Mayer, Ph.D., an internationally known specialist in visual field/functional vision testing describes strategies for assessing field loss and interpreting assessment results. A good explanation of visual field loss and impacts for laypersons and parents as well.

Source: Perkins eLearning

An overview of diabetes.

Source: VisionAware

Advice on preparing for a child's eye exam, what to expect, and steps to take after the exam.

Source: FamilyConnect

Provides a solid foundation for understanding eye conditions that affect seniors. Addresses treatment and rehabilitation; includes a vision simulation video and glossary.

Source: VisionAware