Science Resources

Science teachers of students who are blind or visually impaired will find advice, encouragement, and teaching techniques in this section.

This guide describes 28 of the most common birds in North America, with a recording of their voices; includes a listing of different habitats and the birds common to each.

Source: Natural History Education, Science, Technology

Students who are blind should not be excluded from physics courses because of inaccessible textbooks. The modules in this collection present physics concepts in a format that students with visual impairments can read using accessibility tools, such as an audio screen reader and an electronic line-by-line braille display. These modules are intended to supplement and not to replace the physics textbook.

Source: Richard Baldwin

This interactive website is full of practical ideas for hands-on lessons, resources, materials, and more. Subscribe to the blog, ask questions, and share your ideas with an online community of practice of educators interested in making science accessible to students with visual impairments.

Source: Perkins eLearning

This section of the interactive website includes information about products and instructional materials for teaching science to students with visual impairments.

Source: Perkins School for the Blind

In this webcast, Perkins science teacher Kate Fraser outlines teaching strategies and adaptations to make science lessons and activities accessible to students who are visually impaired. Find even more resources more at the Perkins Accessible Science website.

Source: Webcast, Perkins School for the Blind

"The AccessSTEM website is a space where K-12 teachers, postsecondary educators, and employers learn to make classroom and employment opportunities in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) accessible to individuals with disabilities, and share promising practices."

Evolving Universe and Feel the Impact are NASA astronomy modules adapted for students with visual impairments. Both include alternate student texts and tactile graphics cards. The SEE Project develops "Braille / tactile … space science activities and observing programs that actively engage blind and visually impaired students from elementary grades through introductory college level in space science."

Source: Initiative to Develop Education though Astronomy and Space Science (IDEAS)

OSHA standards and procedures for protecting the eyes in the workplace.

Source: ISHN (Industrial Safety & Hygiene News)

Maylene Bird shares teaching tips on cells, microscopes, diagrams and models, dissecting, and measuring.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

This page has links to various biology lessons, a list of errors and omissions in the Holt Biology Book (2004), and diagrams that can be downloaded to accompany the text.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

This site features two newspaper articles about "small but significant breakthroughs" in science education for students who are blind: Camp Eureka, a natural history camp in Montana; and a dissection class at Colorado Center for the Blind.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Cary Supalo shares his strategies for a positive experience in chemistry classes.  He describes the importance of obtaining materials in alternate formats, note-taking, creating three-dimensional models, and working closely with lab technicians, scribes, and readers.

Source: Future Reflections (2002), National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Maylene Bird provides step-by-step instructions for building cell models for biology, including ideas for organelles and sample cell diagrams.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Future Reflections (2002).

Bernhard Beck-Winchatz asserts that "there is nothing a blind person could not do as well" in the field of astronomy. He co-developed Touch the Universe – A NASA Braille Book of Astronomy, which makes Hubble Space Telescope images accessible to people who are blind or visually impaired.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

This list of common abbreviations may be helpful in interpreting an eye report.

Source: Root Eye Network

This site includes a list of free and low-cost educational software and an online glossary.

This adaptation of a classic experiment demonstrates how to make chemical reaction/conservation of mass accessible to students who are blind or visually impaired.

Source: Perkins eLearning

Ron Stewart describes the collaboration between Science Access Project and Technology Access Project at Oregon State University in "conducting the research and development of a variety of technologies that focus specifically on access to mathematical and hard science content for the print disabled."

Source: ATHEN (Access Technologists Higher Education Network)

Explains the differences between vision screening, testing, and eye examinations.

Source: Vision First Foundation

TSBVI shares instructional resources; sign up for a password and download the Periodic Table of Elements, Elements Listed by Name, Elements Listed by Atomic Number, PH Scale, Nemeth Code Reference Sheets, and Set Notation.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

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