Assessment Resources

This section provides resources about different assessment tools and when they might be most helpful. This can be complex because there is no single assessment tool for students with visual impairments. Instead, there are various tools specific to different needs - some for skills, some for cognitive assessment, some for other needs.

It is crucial to remember that the vast majority of assessment tools are designed for students who are sighted, and assessment tools should not penalize students with visual impairments for not being able to perform tasks that require vision.

Most teachers use a combination of formal and informal assessment tools. Some are designed specifically for students with visual impairments, while others are adapted or modified.

This Canadian website is mostly concerned with wheelchair use, and accessories and clothing for wheelchair users. This section links to a wealth of resources on a wide range of high- and low-tech devices and adaptations that can serve children of school age.

Source: 1-800-WHEELCHAIR.CA

Checklists of signs and symptoms of vision impairments in children.

Source: Optometrists Network

Written by an Occupational Therapist (OT), this 80-page document includes an overview of CVI, and information on the evaluation and education of children with CVI.

This interactive website is full of practical ideas for hands-on lessons, resources, materials, and more. Subscribe to the blog, ask questions, and share your ideas with an online community of practice of educators interested in making science accessible to students with visual impairments.

Source: Perkins eLearning

This free online resource provides information about accessibility, education policy, and more.

Source: American Printing House for the Blind (APH)

Identifies various types of transition assessment, guidelines for conducting an assessment, and criteria for selection of assessment tools.

Source: National Secondary Transition Technical Assistance Center (NSTTAC)

A 10-page table that illustrates evidence-based practices that support implementation of in-school predictors of post-school success.

Source: NTACT

The NCEO website provides information about alternate assessment, including state policies, publications and other resources, and a section on alternate assessments for students with significant cognitive disabilities.

Source: National Center on Educational Outcomes (NCEO)

Definition of amblyopia, causes and treatment

Source: Prevent Blindness America

Information for people with age-related macular degeneration, their families, caregivers, and professionals.

An introduction to age-related macular degeneration, with an overview of promising treatments and suggestions on living with the disease.

Source: Prevent Blindness America

Basic description of nystagmus, FAQs, information for parents of school-age children with the condition.

The APH report was conducted in 2005-2006 to analyze mathematics research and studies that meet the criteria for evidence-based practice.

Source: American Printing House for the Blind (APH)

Susan Boswell and Debbie Gray outline the steps in toilet training, including assessment, physical structure, establishing a routine and communication system, and troubleshooting. A list of children's books about toilet training is included.

Source: Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication-Handicapped Children (TEACCH)

Assessing vision as part of an early intervention program for infants and children who have additional or multiple disabilities and visual impairment (MDVI).

Source: Scottish Sensory Centre

Doris Willoughby offers specific ideas for the assessment of children with a visual impairment, including adaptations of existing instruments, as well as observation of the child in activities of daily living.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Find out the purpose of assessments and learn more about some of the different types.

Source: FamilyConnect

Validation studies conducted on assessment instruments specific to children with deafblindness are summarized, with recommendations and planning checklist.

Source: Oregon Health & Science University

The importance of understanding functional vision when selecting techniques for early intervention and classroom strategies.

Source: Lea-Test Ltd.

A 73-page handbook on the assessment of functional vision; includes advice on low vision training. Link also includes access to book 1, covering screening for impaired vision. 

Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

Pages