Orientation and Mobility Resources

These sites explain the techniques, general importance, and necessity of Orientation and Mobility (O&M) training for people who are blind or visually impaired. The resources here cover the importance of O&M training, services and resources, specific skills, and how to assist someone who is blind or visually impaired if they need help.

Dan Kish is the first certified blind Orientation & Mobility Specialist in the world. Read his theories on echolocation along with collection of media and autobiographical pieces about or featuring Daniel and his work with clients and partners

Source: World Access for the Blind

This page offers suggestions for helping young children develop greater independence in all areas of daily living, including mobility, toileting, eating, dressing and undressing.

Source: Royal National Institute of Blind People (RNIB)

Eye care specialists and their areas of expertise; includes links to parents' group and other important sources.

Source: FamilyConnect

This article from CEC's DVI Quarterly offers ideas on how to build play/exploration environments, how to highlight landmarks, and how to design mini-travel routes in a child's day.

Source: DVI Quarterly, 2005

O&M Specialist Dona Sauerburger outlines strategies when encountering an unfamiliar intersection, requesting assistance, and teaching tips for instructors.

Source: Dona Sauerburger: Orientation and Mobility Specialist

The basics of orientation and mobility; includes a video.

Source: VisionAware

This is a directory of guide dog schools in the United States.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

GDUI is a consumer organization that promotes the civil rights and quality of life for teams, providing "peer support, advocacy and information to guide dog users everywhere."

Since 2008, Guiding Eyes has trained service dogs to work with young children with autism who live in the organization's geographic area. The waiting list is enormous and currently prevents the acceptance of new applications. Visit their website for inspiration and ideas for new programs.

Source: Guiding Eyes for the Blind

Starting with the home and expanding to the neighborhood, this article tells parents how to help preschoolers know where they are, how they got there, and how they can find the way back.

Source: FamilyConnect

O&M skills begin when a baby learns to balance and walk. Advice for enhancing confidence and development.

Source: FamilyConnect

This guide summarizes the various visual impairments a child will have after hemispherectomy, TPO disconnection, and occipital lobectomy, and how they can affect a child’s daily living, functional mobility, and access to the educational curriculum in school.

Source: Perkins eLearning

Educators and authors D. Jay Gense and Marilyn Gense provide educational strategies in this illustrated article that places Orientation & Mobility in context for learners with deafblindness. Also in PDF format, English or Spanish.

Source: National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)

Find practical suggestions on how to teach basic cognitive skills, such as spatial awareness, positional concepts, and object permanence.

Source: Wonder Baby

This site includes links to a number of documents on the topic of designing accessible environments, including Addressing Barriers to Blind Pedestrians at Signalized Intersections.

Source: U.S. Access Board Resources

This site includes links to a number of documents on the topic of designing accessible environments, including Addressing Barriers to Blind Pedestrians at Signalized Intersections.

Source: U.S. Access Board Resources

Independence Market is an online resource for products such as canes and directional devices that are available through the National Federation of the Blind.

Source: National Federation for the Blind (NFB)

This peer-reviewed journal that explores issues and contributes new knowledge to the field of Orientation & Mobility (O&M) (including Guide Dog Mobility).

To promote Guide Dogs Week the makers of Dogcam sports cameras teamed up with Guide Dogs for the Blind's Southampton Mobility Team to film a guide dog's perspective of the world. This video is not audio described.

Source: Southampton Mobility Team

Begin your exploration of orientation and mobility topics for clients with deafblindness on the National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness page, where several resources are listed.

Source: National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)