Orientation and Mobility Resources

These sites explain the techniques, general importance, and necessity of Orientation and Mobility (O&M) training for people who are blind or visually impaired. The resources here cover the importance of O&M training, services and resources, specific skills, and how to assist someone who is blind or visually impaired if they need help.

This free bi-monthly electronic journal reviews and critiques assistive technology products for people who are blind or visually impaired. The archives are searchable and downloadable.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

This free bi-monthly electronic journal reviews and critiques assistive technology products for people who are blind or visually impaired. The archives are searchable and downloadable.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

This “active learning” approach incorporates play into mobility instruction. Advice for creating adaptations appropriate to local social, cultural and economic conditions.

Source: International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)

This 7-minute video was created by Elina Mullen, Ed.D. and demonstrates different types of equipment for various sports, such as hockey, racquet games, and more.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired

The AFB Senior Site has information on numerous topics, such as Understanding Vision Loss, Changing Your Home, and Daily Living.

Source: American Foundation for the Blind (AFB)

What is Orientation and Mobility (O&M)? VisionAware provides this overview of the concepts and the professionals who provide this training.

Source: VisionAware

In your education of (and advocacy for) others, you may find these talking points helpful for getting the message across that orientation and mobility are important lifelong learning processes. This link presents both English and Spanish text.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and VIsually Impaired

This site includes extensive information about sensory integration dysfunction, with sections focusing on education, classroom accommodations, and additional resources.

Source: Bridges4Kids

This PowerPoint presentation focuses on the learning styles of children with visual impairments with and without additional disabilities and on early orientation and mobility development.

Source: Provincial Resource Centre for the Visually Impaired (British Columbia)

This site is a resource for O&M Specialist's to use for creative lesson plans to teach their students.

This booklet is written by a cane traveler and covers aspects of cane travel, such as Getting the Cane Ready, Actually Walking Around, Public Transportation, and Times and Places without the Usual Landmarks.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

This section of AER's website has information about the skills and responsibilities of O&M Specialists, a list of training programs, a job exchange, and information about current issues in the field, such as environmental access.

Source: Association for the Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER)

This section of AER's website has information about the skills and responsibilities of O&M Specialists, a list of training programs, a job exchange, and information about current issues in the field, such as environmental access.

Source: Association for the Education and Rehabilitation of the Blind and Visually Impaired (AER)

Tips for familiarizing a child with his or her environment from a wheelchair or stroller.

Source: FamilyConnect

Discovery is dedicated to fostering self-sufficiency in blind and visually impaired children and adults by improving their mobility, confidence, independence, and social skills through involvement in physical activities.

Source: Discovery Blind Sports

The CEC's Division on Visual Impairment and Deafblindness advances the education of children and youth who have visual impairments or deafblindness. Browse selected articles and position papers here.

Source: Council for Exceptional Children

If you are exploring the idea of guide dog for yourself or a loved one, begin with this overview by VisionAware on what guide dogs can and can not do for their users.

Source: VisionAware

In addition to spotlighting her certifications and experiences, Sauerburger's website contains numerous resources and strategies of interest to Orientation and Mobility practitioners.

Source: Dona Sauerburger

Dan Kish is the first certified blind Orientation & Mobility Specialist in the world. Read his theories on echolocation along with collection of media and autobiographical pieces about or featuring Daniel and his work with clients and partners

Source: World Access for the Blind

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