Behavior Resources

Any child may develop problem behaviors, but young ones with blindness or visual impairment are at risk for specific inappropriate behaviors, including repetitive mannerisms and self-stimulatory patterns. Parents and teachers will find explanations that help in understanding the reasons for the behavior, advice for appropriate interventions, and suggestions for reinforcing desirable behavior that will enhance the child's social success.

Find tips to help you sort through why your child is displaying self-injurious behaviors and how you can help them stop.

Source: WonderBaby

Treasure Baskets are collections of real objects that encourage a child to explore different sensory characteristics. This article offers suggestions of items to include in the baskets and discusses some of the educational benefits for young children.

Source: Nursery World

Written by an Occupational Therapist (OT), this 80-page document includes an overview of CVI, and information on the evaluation and education of children with CVI.

The charts in this 6-page document by Marilyn and Jay Gense compare typical development, development of children who are blind or visually impaired, and children who have autism as well as visual impairments. The charts focus on communication, social interactions, patterns of behavior, and responses to sensory information.

Source: FocusFamilies

Tips for parents on observing skills development, missing or delayed skills in children with visual impairments, and dealing with difficult or challenging behaviors.

Source: FamilyConnect

Three behavioral characteristics are commonly found among individuals with Congenital Rubella Syndrome. Author John Walters stresses the necessity of understanding the whole person and the function of behaviors before considering intervention.

Source: National Center on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)

Helping your child with visual impairments under how nonverbal behavior and body language contribute to communication.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Cindy O'Connell describes strategies for understanding and responding to challenging classroom behaviors whose causes are hard to identify. Also available as a PDF.

Source: Perkins eLearning

This site contains information on child development, including developmental screening and positive parenting tips.

Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)

The articles in this section offer a wealth of information on alternate methods of communication, including symbol systems, schedules, and sign language.

Source: FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Project SPARKLE describes the three types of concepts (concrete, semi-concrete, and abstract) and general strategies to assist children who are deafblind in concept development; includes a glossary and links to resources.

Source: Project SPARKLE

This webcast featuring Dr. Christine Roman-Lantzy provides information about the specific characteristic behaviors of CVI and provides information regarding the evaluation of functional vision.

Source: Perkins eLearning Webcast

Barbara Miles and Barbara McLetchie describe types of concepts and the relationships, attitudes, and environments that promote their development in students who are deafblind; in English, Spanish, and Chinese.

Source: National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)

Prof. Michael Brambring studies the alternative strategies that blind children apply to accomplish tasks, then uses that knowledge to promote the acquisition of developmental skills. (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader)

Source: International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)

A questionnaire for determining whether a vision evaluation is needed; includes links to related topics such as pediatric care, vision therapy, vision checklists and learning disabilities.

Source: Optometrists Network

Since 1992, the Early Childhood Behavior Project has successfully developed and evaluated a training and technical assistance model which addresses challenging behavior.

This site now houses the resources from NICHCY, including Babies and Early Interventionists. In addition, there are also sections on: Child Care, Child Outcomes, Family Outcomes, IFSP, and Transition.

Source: Center for Parent Information and Resources

Important factors to consider when adapting a home or school environment for accessibility, including safety, social factors, and diversity of sensory features. Also available in RTF printable version.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

This article by Terese Pawletko and Lorraine Rocissano compares the presentation of similar behaviors in children with blindness and autism. "Historically, many of the behaviors exhibited by blind children were labeled as 'autistic-like' but were attributed to their blindness. We seek to clarify some of these misconceptions."

Source: Texas State School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

Dixie Jordan's overview helps parents "understand problem behaviors …. If we learn about the behaviors and know when and where they are likely to happen, we can plan positive strategies to teach new behaviors."

Source: U.S. Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP)

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