Assessment Resources

This section provides resources about different assessment tools and when they might be most helpful. This can be complex because there is no single assessment tool for students with visual impairments. Instead, there are various tools specific to different needs - some for skills, some for cognitive assessment, some for other needs.

It is crucial to remember that the vast majority of assessment tools are designed for students who are sighted, and assessment tools should not penalize students with visual impairments for not being able to perform tasks that require vision.

Most teachers use a combination of formal and informal assessment tools. Some are designed specifically for students with visual impairments, while others are adapted or modified.

Links to information about albinism, including issues specific to children, students, and medical patients who have albinism.

Source: National Organization of Albinism and Hypopigmentation (NOAH)

This section of the Paths to Literacy site includes an overview of the Learning Media Assessment (LMA), Learning Media Assessment Educational Module, guidelines for deciding between print and braille, special considerations if the child has a hearing loss, and sample learning media assessments.

Source: Paths to Literacy

A brief overview of LMA is offered to parents, with related links to alternate media and assessments.

Source: Family Connect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments

Leber’s Congenital Amaurosis (LCA) is a rare, hereditary disorder that leads to retinal dysfunction and visual impairment at an early age – often from birth. Of all the retinal degenerations, LCA has the earliest age of onset and can be the most severe. 

Source: Foundation Fighting Blindness

Families affected by this condition often refer to it as "the other Lebers" -- Leber's Hereditary Optic Neuropathy, a sudden, painless loss of central vision. About 100 people in the United States lose central vision due to LHON each year; thousands more carry a LHON genetic mutation, and they could suddenly lose their vision at any time.

This Zimbabwean handbook discusses communication, assessment, and goal planning for children with disabilities. Includes information on play, communicating in everyday situations, and working in groups. The complete booklet is available in separate PDF downloads per chapter.  From this link, scroll down to the title for this publication and download PDFs for the Introduction and 12 Sections.

Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

Low vision information for consumers; includes photos and images, and links to eye health organizations.

Source: National Eye Institute (NEI)

Comprehensive information on low vision, including definitions, information on the visual system, causes of visual impairment, overview of low vision devices, and employment considerations.

Source: International Encyclopedia of Rehabilitation

Videos, webinars and audio recordings for older adults with low vision

Source: Low Vision Focus

Resources for vision loss, visual impairment, blindness, low vision aids, and low vision rehabilitation services

Definitions, causes, devices, assessment, and resources on low vision.

Source: California Department of Education

Explains the role and services of low vision specialists, and the value of their assistance for children with visual impairments.

Source: FamilyConnect

Information on low vision, visual acuity, legal blindness, light perception, light projection, total blindness, and reading with low vision optical devices.

Source: VisionAware

Overview of AMD, with symptoms, information on diagnosis, diet & nutrition, and related resources.

Source: Edel Optics

The online newsletter on this site offers updates on research findings and practical tips for people with age-related macular degeneration.

Free information and personal assistance for people dealing with macular degeneration and similar retinal diseases.

A wide array of information and resources.

This coalition of 55 professional, consumer, and industry organizations involved in eye and vision research works to achieve the best eye and vision care for all Americans through advocacy and public education.

NCDB is a national technical assistance and dissemination center for information about deafblindness. While most resources focus on the needs of children and youth, there is wealth of information here in the Adult Services section.