Assessment Resources

This section provides resources about different assessment tools and when they might be most helpful. This can be complex because there is no single assessment tool for students with visual impairments. Instead, there are various tools specific to different needs - some for skills, some for cognitive assessment, some for other needs.

It is crucial to remember that the vast majority of assessment tools are designed for students who are sighted, and assessment tools should not penalize students with visual impairments for not being able to perform tasks that require vision.

Most teachers use a combination of formal and informal assessment tools. Some are designed specifically for students with visual impairments, while others are adapted or modified.

In this video webcast, Dr. Karen Blankenship discusses the importance of using a combination of assessments: Functional Vision Assessment (FVA), Learning Media Assessment (LMA) and the Expanded Core Curriculum when assessing students with visual impairments.

Source: Perkins eLearning

Symptoms and risk factors of eye and vision conditions.

Source: American Optometric Association (AOA)

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) regarding specific visual conditions are composed and periodically reviewed by pediatric ophthalmologists and certified orthoptists from the Public Information Committee of AAPOS. For questions or suggestions regarding FAQs please contact us. Some terms are available in English, Chinese, and Spanish.

Source: American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAPOS)

Causes, risk factors, symptoms, treatment, and current research on cataracts.

Source: National Eye Institute

Short videos that give brief overviews about assistive technology in FSDB classrooms, showing how and why the devices support learning. Includes the Braille Notetaker, interactive whiteboards, and Mountbatten braille writer.

Child-driven assessment techniques for working with children who are congenitally deafblind. The author discusses the importance of knowing about the development of vision and hearing skills and possible implications of clinical findings.

Source: California Deaf-Blind Services

A video demonstration of testing to determine the scope of visual field; downloads to user's desktop.

Source: The Eyes Have It

Information on causes of and treatments for retinitis pigmentosa (RP), macular degeneration, usher syndrome, and the entire spectrum of retinal degenerative diseases.

Chapter from an online book; includes definitions, factors that affect functional vision, a list of eight areas for assessment, and much more.

Source: Low Vision Online

Lists the seven functions that comprise the spectrum of visual functioning.

Source: Scottish Sensory Centre

An explanation of the functional field of vision test, with definitions of terms.

Source: Lea-Test

Sample form for that may be helpful for Functional Visual Assessment (FVA) or Functional Vision Evaluation (FVE)

Source: California School for the Blind

Darick Wright explains the essential components of a functional vision assessment and illustrates them with specific examples. The workshop materials are listed along with other assessment tools and include PDFs of a slideshow, handouts, and evaluation tools.

Source: Provincial Resource Centre for the Visually Impaired (British Columbia)

Darick Wright, Coordinator of New England Eye Clinic, offers a multimedia overview of the essential components of a functional vision assessment. Includes printable assessment worksheets.

Source: SET-BC (Special Education Technology-British Columbia)

A quick outline of the components of an assessment and their importance. Also available in Spanish.

Source: FamilyConnectfamilyconnec

Sample form for that may be helpful for Functional Visual Assessment (FVA) or Functional Vision Evaluation (FVE)

Source: California School for the Blind

A fact sheet on functional assessment for children with deafblindness by Dr. Irene L. Troper.

Source: Colorado Department of Education; Colorado Services to Children with Deafblindness

Darick Wright explains the essential components of a functional vision assessment and illustrates them with specific examples. For handouts, visit http://www.prcvi.org/files/workshops/FVAhandouts.pdf

Source: Provincial Resource Centre for the Visually Impaired

A functional vision assessment helps parents understand their child's visual abilities and how to make the most of them in various settings.

Source: Vision Australia

A bibliography of materials on functional vision; some include online text.

Source: National Center on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)

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