Assessment Resources

This section provides resources about different assessment tools and when they might be most helpful. This can be complex because there is no single assessment tool for students with visual impairments. Instead, there are various tools specific to different needs - some for skills, some for cognitive assessment, some for other needs.

It is crucial to remember that the vast majority of assessment tools are designed for students who are sighted, and assessment tools should not penalize students with visual impairments for not being able to perform tasks that require vision.

Most teachers use a combination of formal and informal assessment tools. Some are designed specifically for students with visual impairments, while others are adapted or modified.

An introduction to age-related macular degeneration, with an overview of promising treatments and suggestions on living with the disease.

Source: Prevent Blindness America

AFB maintains an online directory of services for families and professionals who work with people who are blind or visually impaired. The Directory can be searched by type of service or by state or province (in United States and Canada).

Source: American Foundation for the Blind

Basic description of nystagmus, FAQs, information for parents of school-age children with the condition.

Information about aniridia and living with the condition.

The APH report was conducted in 2005-2006 to analyze mathematics research and studies that meet the criteria for evidence-based practice.

Source: American Printing House for the Blind (APH)

Susan Boswell and Debbie Gray outline the steps in toilet training, including assessment, physical structure, establishing a routine and communication system, and troubleshooting. A list of children's books about toilet training is included.

Source: Treatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication-Handicapped Children (TEACCH)

Assessing vision as part of an early intervention program for infants and children who have additional or multiple disabilities and visual impairment (MDVI).

Source: Scottish Sensory Centre

Doris Willoughby offers specific ideas for the assessment of children with a visual impairment, including adaptations of existing instruments, as well as observation of the child in activities of daily living.

Source: National Federation of the Blind (NFB)

Find out the purpose of assessments and learn more about some of the different types.

Source: FamilyConnect

Validation studies conducted on assessment instruments specific to children with deafblindness are summarized, with recommendations and planning checklist.

Source: Oregon Health & Science University

The importance of understanding functional vision when selecting techniques for early intervention and classroom strategies.

Source: Lea-Test Ltd.

A 73-page handbook on the assessment of functional vision; includes advice on low vision training. Link also includes access to book 1, covering screening for impaired vision. 

Source: World Health Organization (WHO)

Focuses on communication and the interpreter's role when assessing the vision of a person who is deafblind; includes tests and techniques for conducting the assessment.

Source: Lea-Test Ltd.

In this 60-minute presentation Frances Mary D'Andrea addresses the importance of monitoring students’ progressive skills as they develop as readers and writers.

Source: Perkins eLearning Tutorial and Webinar

This one-hour webinar explores the role of the teacher of students with visual impairments (TVI) in reading and writing instruction, both as a collaborator with the general classroom teacher and as a provider of specific instruction. The importance of monitoring students’ progressive skills are emphasized, with specific approaches and tools for monitoring progress of students using braille. Also available as a self-paced tutorial.

Source: Perkins eLearning

This page presents a brief overview of vision-related and developmental assessments.

Source: FamilyConnect

Looking for a template for assessing students with visual impairments? TSBVI provides an example for download, which can be modified as needed. Includes assessment of accessing and producing written communication, physical requirements for computer use, and recommendations.  Other templates are available in PDF and RTF form for the major types and brands of assistive technology for users who are blind or visually impaired.

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

In this 25 minute video, Presley shares the strategies involved in conducting an assessment to choose the right assistive technology tool for the learner.

Source: Perkins eLearning Webcasts

A self-paced online course for teams assessing the assistive technology needs of students with visual impairment. Includes videos to demonstrate assessment techniques and student interaction with the potential equipment..

Source: Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)

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