Preschool Education for Children with Visual Impairments

This section offers practical suggestions for parents and preschool teachers working with young children with visual impairments. Families and early childhood educators will find general guidelines, instructional strategies, and adaptations for the classroom and general environment. These strategies and techniques will help infants and toddlers with visual impairments develop and learn at the same rate as their peers.


Preschool Instructional Strategies

National Foundation of the Blind (NFB)
Andrea Story, a teacher of the visually impaired, examines the technique of hand-over-hand guidance and discusses the debate regarding its use in teaching children who are blind.
FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments 
This article compares the benefits and drawbacks of these two teaching techniques.
This article explains how to organize the path to developmental milestones as simple, teachable steps.

Preschool Classroom Adaptations

These environmental adaptations are designed to promote independence, while also focusing on safety.
Outlines Head Start policy and practice for accommodating and integrating children with disabilities into its programs.
Paths to Literacy
Presentation by Peg Palmer, teacher for the Board of Education and Services for the Blind in Connecticut.

Transition to Preschool

FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments
This article offers advice to parents exploring preschool services for their children with visual impairments.
FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments
This helpful article provides concrete suggestions to help parents and children prepare for the transition to preschool.
FamilyConnect for Parents of Children with Visual Impairments
This article offers a list of considerations to keep in mind when selecting a preschool program for a child who's blind or visually impaired.

Web-Based Organizations and Internet Resources: Transition to Preschool

Center for Parent Information and Resources
This page presents an overview of the transition process, information on inclusion, and  links to information on recommended transition practices.

Preschool Programs and Children with Visual Impairments

Future Reflections, 2004, National Foundation of the Blind (NFB)
Dr. Ruby Ryles addresses the concerns of preschool teachers and administrators, sharing practical strategies for the successful inclusion of children who are blind into regular preschool programs.
Department of Education, Newfoundland and Labrador
This 13-page document offers advice for preschool teachers for accommodating a child who is blind or visually impaired with additional disabilities (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader).
National Federation of the Blind (NFB)
Jill Weatherd learned how to collaborate with preschool and kindergarten teachers by working with her own child. This 7-page booklet is full of suggestions for developing goals and objectives for young children with visual impairment (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader).