Orientation & Mobility for Students with Multiple Disabilities

These sites are rich in orientation and mobility skills and training tips for parents and instructors working with school-aged children who are blind or visually impaired.
International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
Authors Perla and Ducret explain how the design of an O&M program for students with multiple disabilities should start with understanding the child's most basic needs, such as communication, safety, independence, and consistency.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Chris Tabb offers tips on encouraging purposeful movement, developing sensory efficiency, and grasping concepts as lessons of O&M for students with significant disabilities.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Melvin Marx modifies applications in the foundational blue textbook, Orientation and Mobility Techniques, in order to serve his first encounter with a deafblind student.
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)
Educators and authors D. Jay Gense and Marilyn Gense provide educational strategies in this illustrated article that places Orientation & Mobility in context for learners with deafblindness. Also in PDF format, English or Spanish.
Council for Exceptional Children, Division on Visual Impairments (CECDVI)
This short checklist from DVI Quarterly was developed by educators "to determine the need for an orientation and mobility evaluation for a student with multiple impairments by a certified O&M specialist."
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)
Begin your exploration of orientation and mobility topics for clients with deafblindness on the National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness page, where several resources are listed.
New York State Technical Assistance Project
This detailed fact sheet (PDF format) from the New York State Technical Assistance Project includes strategies for children who are deafblind.
Dona Sauerburger is an Orientation and Mobility Specialist whose website contains this resource list of handouts and fact sheets.
12th International Mobility Conference, Hong Kong, 2006
These presentations offers basic principles and strategies for providing O&M services to visually impaired people whose additional disabilities include cognitive, hearing, physical or health challenges.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Traditional Orientation and Mobility assessments for children may not take into account hearing loss and deafness.  Tanni Anthony describes a Transdisciplinary Play-Based model for children who are deafblind which can more thoroughly assess developmental milestones.