Orientation & Mobility for Students with Multiple Disabilities

These sites are rich in orientation and mobility skills and training tips for parents and instructors working with school-aged children who are blind or visually impaired.
International Council for Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
This article outlines some of the essential elements of working with children with multiple disabilities, such as communication, safety, independence, and consistency.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Chris Tabb offers tips on encouraging purposeful movement, developing sensory efficiency, and advancing concepts with students in functional programs.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Melvin Marx modifies applications in Orientation and Mobility Techniques: A Guide for the Practitioner in order to serve his first encounter with a deafblind student.
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)
Educators and authors D. Jay Gense and Marilyn Gense provide educational strategies in this illustrated article that places Orientation & Mobility in context for learners with deafblindness.
This document can also be found in PDF, in English and in Spanish.
Council for Exceptional Children, Division on Visual Impairments (CECDVI)
This short checklist from DVI Quarterly was developed by educators "to determine the need for an orientation and mobility evaluation for a student with multiple impairments by a certified O&M specialist."
National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)
Begin your exploration of orientation and mobility topics for clients with deafblindness on the National Consortium on Deaf-Blindness page, where several resources are listed.
New York State Technical Assistance Project
This detailed fact sheet (PDF format) from the New York State Technical Assistance Project includes strategies for children who are deafblind.
Dona Sauerburger is an Orientation and Mobility Specialist whose website contains this resource list of handouts and fact sheets.
This presentation offers basic principles and strategies for providing O&M services to visually impaired people whose additional disabilities include cognitive, hearing, physical or health challenges.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Traditional Orientation and Mobility assessments for children may not take into account hearing loss and deafness.  Tanni Anthony describes a Transdisciplinary Play-Based model for children who are deafblind which can more thoroughly assess developmental milestones.

Additional Resources

Orientation and Mobility, Chapter 10 from Perkins Activity and Resource Guide, 2nd edition
Perkins School for the Blind
This full-text chapter from the Perkins Activity and Resource Guide provides practical suggestions and activities for teaching orientation and mobility skills to students with multiple disabilities.

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