Orientation & Mobility for School-Aged Children with Visual Impairments

These links feature orientation and mobility skills and training tips for parents and instructors working with school-aged children who are blind or visually impaired.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Important factors to consider when adapting a home or school environment for accessibility, including safety, social factors, and diversity of sensory features. Also available in RTF printable version.
Braille Monitor, February 1995
Dr. Fredric K. Schroeder advocates early and consistent cane use by very young children who are blind.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
Diagnostic activities for determining whether a student needs a formal evaluation by a certified O&M Instructor.
Northeast Regional Center for Vision Education (NERCVE)
This "tip sheet" provides an introduction to Orientation and Mobility in the inclusive school setting.
A checklist of skills and knowledge necessary for teens who have recently experienced a vision loss. Also available in Spanish.
Future Reflections, Fall 2008
A strong collaboration between O&M instructor, family, and student results in better integration of mobility skills into everyday life.
Council for Exceptional Children (CEC), Division on Visual Impairments
This is a position paper on the role of O&M professionals and their importance in the education of children with visual impairments.
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
This article defines the role of Orientation and Mobility in the terms of Public Law 94-142, the Education for All Handicapped Children Act of 1975.
A list of travel skills, particularly with public transportation, which can be next-step goals for older children. Also available in Spanish.
Using Landmarks and Clues to Help Your Student Know Where He is in the World
Texas School for the Blind and Visually Impaired (TSBVI)
This article offers some simple ways of thinking about sensory landmarks to help reinforce orientation with children. Adapted from Orientation and Mobility for Infants and Young Children, in Understanding Deafblindness: Issues, Perspectives, and Strategies, Volume 2, .