Community Groundwork for Policy Makers Outside the U.S.

The community-based rehabilitation model supports inclusion of people with disabilities in all community activities: education, family life, employment, and social activities. The articles in this section provide a grounding in the philosophy and principles and CBR, and share advice for program implementation and administration.
 
Below are the topics you'll find in this section. Click on a title to jump to a specific topic.
 

Principles of Community Based Rehabilitation & Education 

World Blind Union (WBU)
Download this outline of the WBU’s comprehensive plan for the socio-economic integration of people with blindness, including a strategy for poverty reduction. From the General documents page, click the title Blindness, Poverty, and Development from the Development committee.
 
An overview of the elements of community-based rehabilitation; in English, Arabic, Chinese, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Japanese.
 
Africa Development Forum
This chapter from Sustainable Development and Persons with Disabilities: The Process of Self-Empowerment introduces community-based rehabilitation and assesses its possibilities and limitations.
 
World Health Organization (WHO)
This overview of community-based rehabilitation has links to related documents, including a matrix for designing a CBR strategy.
 
Community Eye Health Journal
A discussion of community-based rehabilitation, a description of projects in Uganda, and recommendations that are applicable to projects in other locations. Also available in PDF.
 
World Health Organization (WHO)
This 98-page guide helps program managers assess the local situation and create policies and programs. (PDF not accessible to screen readers)
 
Community Eye Health Journal
The necessity of understanding and integrating local culture into community-based rehabilitation programs. Also available in PDF.
 
Enabling Education Network
Addresses issues such as family involvement, mobilizing communities, fund-raising, and service evaluation.
 
Independent Living Institute
Understanding how disability affects people in villages, small towns, and cities, and the role of community-based rehabilitation in delivering services; in simplified language.
 

Program Implementation in the Community 

International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
The English title is “Curricular Adaptations and Creation of Services for Multi-handicapped Blind Persons in Chile”; in Spanish.
 
International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
A program for children with visual impairments and additional disabilities shares its objectives, activities, methods, information on financial resources, and its impact on families; also in Spanish.
 
Community Eye Health Journal
Organizational recommendations based on the experience of Sight Savers International in India; also available as a PDF.
 
International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
Some of the challenges, myths, and beliefs encountered in Kenya when addressing the needs of children with visual impairment and additional disabilities; suggestions for developing effective strategies.
 
World Blind Union (WBU)
This 159-page handbook of organizational guidelines by W. Aubrey Webson “is designed for people in developing countries who work with organizations of and for the blind and visually impaired. … with an emphasis on the inclusion of blind people in all aspects of their organizations.”
 
International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
How people with visual impairment and their trainers can use access technology to connect to information, education, and employment opportunities.
 
Community Eye Health Journal
Implementing the key informant method for identifying children with blindness or visual impairment; includes suggestions for training and communication materials; also available as a PDF.
 
International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
Description of a low vision program in Malawi that was improved by training the professionals, parents, and the children.
 
International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
Key elements of high quality services for multiply handicapped children, and shares examples from a range of service delivery models.
 
Blind People’s Association (India)
This 256-page manual presents a wide range of information on community-based rehabilitation, from theory to implementation. Chapters are downloaded separately. Appendices include sample forms and course curricula for training of field workers and master trainers.
 
International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
Brazilian trainers share their expertise in “Professionals and Parents--Partners in Habilitation and Rehabilitation of Visually Impaired Children: A Successful Experience”; in Portuguese.
 
Community Eye Health Journal
The importance of comprehensive education for children with low vision; also available as a PDF.
 
Pancyprian Organization of the Blind
Promoting the hiring of workers with blindness or visual impairment by changing the attitudes of employers.
 
International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
Polish teachers discuss the role of residential schools in teaching activities of daily living and other functional skills.
 
International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
A rehabilitation program in Brazil that fosters collaboration between the home and school to teach children daily living skills.
 
International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
The main challenges of providing services for children with visual impairments and additional disabilities in Nepal.
 
Voice and Vision (India)
General guidelines for developing programs for students with visual impairment and additional disabilities, including deafblindness. Includes background information, the range of service delivery options, Indian disability legislation, resources for teacher training, and sample forms.
 
Hesperian Foundation
Scroll down to Chapter 45. This chapter from David Werner’s book, Disabled Village Children, describes two models of rehabilitation and offers suggestions to help community members organize themselves; also in Spanish.
 

Research 

International Council for the Education of People with Visual Impairment (ICEVI)
An investigation of the relationship between academic self-esteem and educational achievement in two types of educational settings in India.
 
Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
Barriers to the utilization of community-based rehabilitation (CBR) services for individuals with blindness in rural South India.